Brady Worldwide, Inc. It provides a uniform administration approach that is independent of applications, which may change several times throughout the life of the telecommunications infrastructure. It establishes guidelines for owners, end users, manufacturers, consultants, contractors, designers, installers, and facilities administrators involved in the administration of the telecommunications infrastructure. Use of this Standard is intended to increase the value of the system owners investment in the infrastructure by reducing the labor expense of maintaining the system, extending the useful economic life of the system, and providing effective service to users. Classes of Administration There are four classes of administration that all cabling systems fall within.
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Work on the standard began with the Electronic Industries Alliance EIA , to define standards for telecommunications cabling systems. EIA agreed to develop a set of standards, and formed the TR committee,  with nine subcommittees to perform the work. The standard was updated to revision B in The demands placed upon commercial wiring systems increased dramatically over this period due to the adoption of personal computers and data communication networks and advances in those technologies.
The development of high-performance twisted pair cabling and the popularization of fiber optic cables also drove significant change in the standards. These changes were first released in a revision C in which has subsequently been replaced by the D series.
The bulk of the standards define cabling types, distances, connectors, cable system architectures, cable termination standards and performance characteristics, cable installation requirements and methods of testing installed cable. Developers hope the standards will provide a lifespan for commercial cabling systems in excess of ten years. This effort has been largely successful, as evidenced by the definition of category 5 cabling in [ citation needed ], a cabling standard that mostly satisfied cabling requirements for BASE-T , released in Thus, the standardization process can reasonably be said to have provided at least a nine-year lifespan for premises cabling, and arguably a longer one.
Cable categories[ edit ] The standard defines categories of unshielded twisted pair cable systems, with different levels of performance in signal bandwidth, insertion loss, and cross-talk. Generally increasing category numbers correspond with a cable system suitable for higher rates of data transmission.
Category 3 cable was suitable for telephone circuits and data rates up to 16 million bits per second. Categories 1 and 2 were excluded from the standard since these categories were only used for voice circuits, not for data.
Telecommunications design traditions utilized a similar topology. Many people refer to cross-connects by their telecommunications names: " distribution frames " with the various hierarchies called MDFs , IDFs and wiring closets.
Backbone cabling is also used to interconnect entrance facilities such as telco demarcation points to the main cross-connect. Horizontal cross-connects provide a point for the consolidation of all horizontal cabling, which extends in a star topology to individual work areas such as cubicles and offices. Optional consolidation points are allowable in horizontal cables, often appropriate for open-plan office layouts where consolidation points or media converters may connect cables to several desks or via partitions.
At the work area, equipment is connected by patch cords to horizontal cabling terminated at jackpoints. The standard specifies how to connect eight-conductor ohm balanced twisted-pair cabling, such as Category 5 cable , to 8P8C modular connectors often called RJ45 connectors. The standard defines two alternative pinouts: TA and TB.
The U. Government requires it in federal contracts. Many organizations still use TB out of inertia. The colors of the wire pairs in the cable, in order, are: blue for pair 1 , orange, green, and brown for pair 4. Each pair consists of one conductor of solid color and a second conductor which is white with a stripe of the other color.
The difference between the TA and TB pinouts is that the orange and green wire pairs are exchanged. See modular connector for numbering of the pins.
NORMA ANSI TIA 606