Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the factorial validity of the Brunel Mood Scale for use with Malaysian athletes. The CFI was below the 0. Given the large sample size used in the present study, descriptive statistics could be used as normative data for Malaysian athletes. Given the size of the sample used in the present study, we suggest descriptive data be used as the normative data for researchers using the scale with Malaysian athletes. It is suggested that future research investigate the effects of cultural differences on emotional states experienced by athletes before, during and post-competition.
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Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the factorial validity of the Brunel Mood Scale for use with Malaysian athletes. The CFI was below the 0. Given the large sample size used in the present study, descriptive statistics could be used as normative data for Malaysian athletes.
Given the size of the sample used in the present study, we suggest descriptive data be used as the normative data for researchers using the scale with Malaysian athletes. It is suggested that future research investigate the effects of cultural differences on emotional states experienced by athletes before, during and post-competition.
Key words: Emotion, mood, affect, psychometrics, testing, construct validity Introduction Evidence demonstrates that athletes report experiencing intense feelings before, during and following competitive sport Lane, ; Terry and Lane, ; Terry et al. Feeling states such as emotions and mood are typically assessed using self-report scales and of the available research, the Profile of Mood States McNair et al.
The POMS is a single adjective checklist and as such, it cannot distinguish whether the subjective feeling state is a mood or an emotion Beedie et al. The POMS assesses six mood states: anger, confusion, depression, fatigue, tension, and vigor. The original POMS was developed and validated for use in clinical settings before researchers began to use it to assess mood states of athletes. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that scores on the POMS are; a predictive of performance Beedie et al.
Further, normative data for use in sport has been developed Terry and Lane, However, research has pointed out that the item POMS can appear lengthy for research in situations where brevity is paramount.
With this purpose in mind, Terry et al. Terry et al , argued that comprehensibility was a key aspect of brevity. To ensure that this was the case, Terry et al. Terry et al. Its name was revised as validation has been conducted among adults and restriction to adolescents was no longer appropriate. Subsequent research that has tested the factor structure of the BRUMS has been supported in specific-sports such as wakeboarding Fazackerley et al. The scale has also been cross-validated for use with Hungarian, Italian Lane, Soos et al.
In terms of normative data for use with non-UK samples, Hashim et al. Translation procedure The following procedure was followed to translate the version in Malaysian see Kuan, ; Khani et al. Following this another three experts translated back the questionnaire from Malay versions to English back-translation.
The original and the back-translation were further compared by an individual who was proficient in both languages.
Data analysis Confirmatory factor analysis CFA using EQS V7 Bentler and Wu, was used to test the model, which specified that items were related to their hypothesized factor with the variance of the factor fixed at 1. Consistent with theoretical predictions and previous empirical support, the latent factors anger, confusion, depression, fatigue, tension and vigour were allowed to correlate.
We used the two-index strategy for assessing model fit namely the Comparative Fit Index and the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation RMSEA , which indicates the mean discrepancy between the observed co variances and those implied by the model per degree of freedom, and therefore has the advantage of being sensitive to model complexity.
Data were estimated using the Satorra-Bentler maximum likelihood estimation method. The CFI was 0. Scrutiny of parts of the model that were strong and parts that are weak was conducted through examination of factor loadings and correlations between factors see Table 1. As Table 1 indicates, factor loadings for items are within a relatively narrow range, ranging from 0.
Therefore, none of the items demonstrated a weak relationship with its hypothesized factor. Alpha coefficients for each factor are within acceptable limits see Table 2. Normative data are presented in Table 3.
Factorial Validation of Malaysian Adapted Brunel Mood Scale in an Adolescent Sample
Kazrashura Over the past few decades, there has been a growing body of literature on mental health questionnqire. Sage; Byrne B. A potential explanation for the present finding may be reflected in the conceptual model of mood proposed by Lane and Terry  with a focus on depressed mood. More importantly, this website provides effective mood regulation strategies based on the pattern of completed responses in the BRUMS. Generally, a self-report measure is considered valid if it demonstrates content, factorial, criterion, and construct validity American Psychological Association, Data were collected during year, from February to November.
Validity of the Brunel Mood Scale for use With Malaysian Athletes
Mood has been shown to be an important variable in a variety of performance environments. Indeed, mood management is increasingly being recognised as fundamental to many of our common daily activities. As such, getting in the right mood may be seen as a crucial part of mental preparation before an important performance. The purpose of this website is to provide a platform for an online mood assessment that is capable of interpreting mood responses. This assessment is based on the Brunel Mood Scale BRUMS that was developed to provide a quick assessment of mood states among adolescent and adult populations. More importantly, this website provides effective mood regulation strategies based on the pattern of completed responses in the BRUMS.
What is the purpose of In the Mood?
Tozilkree These questions were used to compare means of moods, depending on the variables mentioned in the literature, allowing the visualization of the use of the scale in the research. Despite the demonstrated psychometric strength of the ITAMS, further exploration of its psychometric characteristics is necessary. Educational and Industrial Testing Services. Fatores de stress em jogadores de futebol profissional [tese]. Topics Discussed in This Paper.