Basic information[ edit ] Calliandra calothyrsus is a small tree or a large shrub. Calliandra is a large genus with about species, mainly from South and North America but also from Madagascar, India and Africa. Calliandra calothyrsus was described by Meissner The names Calliandra confusa and Calliandra similis can be used synonymously. There it can be fround from the western Pacific coast of Mexico to Panama.
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Basic information[ edit ] Calliandra calothyrsus is a small tree or a large shrub. Calliandra is a large genus with about species, mainly from South and North America but also from Madagascar, India and Africa. Calliandra calothyrsus was described by Meissner The names Calliandra confusa and Calliandra similis can be used synonymously. There it can be fround from the western Pacific coast of Mexico to Panama. At these altitudes Calliandra calothyrsus has quite some cool tolerance for a tropical species but it is not tolerant to frost.
However it is recovering in most cases after the onset of the rainy season. The best growing conditions are on light textured, slightly acidic soils but it is also well adapted to acidic soils with poor soil fertility and is able to grow on infertile and compacted soils. After collecting, drying and storing of the seeds they can germinate without treatment,  but a quicker germination is achieved by soaking the seeds in cold water for 48 hours.
At this stage they can be replanted. Another method is to produce stumps. Stumps are very useful for interplanting among other trees or for a better establishment on steep slopes.
For direct seeding the rows should be free of weeds and the ground should be roughly cultivated. At this stage the plant has the optimal size for the use of firewood. Seedlings might be attacked by the teak sapling borer Sahyadrassus malabaricus. Further Pachnoda ephippiata might feed on flowers, fruits and foliage, what causes floral abortion and poor seed production.
Fungal attacks can cause serious damages on Calliandra calothyrsus when the plants are cut back too low prior to rainfall or during the wet season. As most of the tropical soils are losing their fertility, planting Calliandra calothyrsus is a way to improve soil fertility and stabilize the soil structure. Agricultural systems such as intercropping with Calliandra calothyrsus are promising and are a way to deal with deforestation issues. Moreover, pest and diseases have recently started to appear in East Africa.
Used in agroforestry systems, it yields many products fuelwood, fodder, fibre, honey, shellac and provides services shade, erosion control, weed control, soil improvement, as an ornamental plant, etc. Orwa et al. A very versatile species, calliandra does well under a wide range of soils and is outstanding in those of low fertility Wiersum et al. Morphological description Calliandra is an almost evergreen, thornless small legume tree, usually about m high, but it can reach a height of 12 m. It has a straight trunk up to 30 cm in diameter and many branches that form a dense canopy Orwa et al. The bark is very variable in colour, from white to red brown or blackish brown Orwa et al. It is mainly glabrous but can also be finely pubescent FAO,
The growth rate of lambs fed air dried Calliandra calothyrsus An experiment in North Queensland with a stocking rate of five steers per hectar grazing Calliandra calothyrsus and Brachiarira decumbens found a liveweigth gain of 0. From this trial it was concluded that Calliandra calothyrsus has a potential as a component in grazing systems Palmer and Ibrahim, In Kenya has Calliandra calothyrsus been fed to lactating cows in either addition or as a replacement for commercial concentrates dairy meal. Adding polyethylene glycol PEG to Calliandra calothyrsus gave no positive effect resluted in terms ogf milk production, where the Calliandra calothyrsus supplemented diet gave the same results as the control, which was grass hay while supplementation of L.