Am inteles C. Jung Carl Gustav Jung — , psiholog si psihiatru elvetian. Nascut la Keswil cantonul Thurgau , a facut studii de medicina generala si psihiatrie la Basel, a fost profesor la Facultatea de Medicina din Zurich, si medic-sef la clinica psihiatrica universitara Burgholzli. S-a consacrat insa precumpanitor psihoterapiei clinice si, concomitent, cercetarii experimentale si teoretice. In intemeiaza la Zurich un laborator de psihopatologie experimentala, valorificand observatii personale si descoperiri in domeniul asociatiilor verbale normale si patologice, al dementei precoce si al complexelor. Intre si colaboreaza intens cu Freud, atras in special de cercetarile acestuia legate de isterie si de vise.
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Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality , archetypes , and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion , literature , and related fields. Top Questions When was Carl Jung born? Carl Jung was born on July 26, When did Carl Jung die? Carl Jung died on June 6, Why is Carl Jung important? Where was Carl Jung educated?
Early life and career Jung was the son of a philologist and pastor. His childhood was lonely, although enriched by a vivid imagination, and from an early age he observed the behaviour of his parents and teachers, which he tried to resolve. In many ways, the elder Jung was a kind and tolerant man, but neither he nor his son succeeded in understanding each other. Jung seemed destined to become a minister, for there were a number of clergymen on both sides of his family. In his teens he discovered philosophy and read widely, and this, together with the disappointments of his boyhood, led him to forsake the strong family tradition and to study medicine and become a psychiatrist.
He used the now famous term complex to describe such conditions. He held important positions in the psychoanalytic movement and was widely thought of as the most likely successor to the founder of psychoanalysis. But this was not to be the outcome of their relationship. Partly for temperamental reasons and partly because of differences of viewpoint, the collaboration ended.
Although Jung had been elected president of the International Psychoanalytic Society in , he resigned from the society in Library of Congress, Washington, D. Subscribe today His first achievement was to differentiate two classes of people according to attitude types: extraverted outward-looking and introverted inward-looking. Later he differentiated four functions of the mind—thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition—one or more of which predominate in any given person.
Results of this study were embodied in Psychologische Typen ; Psychological Types, As a boy Jung had remarkably striking dreams and powerful fantasies that had developed with unusual intensity. After his break with Freud, he deliberately allowed this aspect of himself to function again and gave the irrational side of his nature free expression. At the same time, he studied it scientifically by keeping detailed notes of his strange experiences.
He later developed the theory that these experiences came from an area of the mind that he called the collective unconscious , which he held was shared by everyone. This much-contested conception was combined with a theory of archetypes that Jung held as fundamental to the study of the psychology of religion.
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Their first child, born in , was a boy named Paul, who survived only a few days. Preiswerk was antistes , the title given to the head of the Reformed clergy in the city, as well as a Hebraist , author, and editor, who taught Paul Jung as his professor of Hebrew at Basel University. Emilie Jung was an eccentric and depressed woman; she spent considerable time in her bedroom where she said that spirits visited her at night. He reported that one night he saw a faintly luminous and indefinite figure coming from her room with a head detached from the neck and floating in the air in front of the body. Jung had a better relationship with his father. Later, these early impressions were revised: I have trusted men friends and been disappointed by them, and I have mistrusted women and was not disappointed.
Carl Gustav Jung
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