CASSAVA MEALYBUG PDF

The research was conducted in October Method used in this research was descriptive method with direct observation and sampling. The variables observed included population abundance and crop damage intensity in all locations of cassava plantations. The average population of Phenacoccus manihoti in each regencyis Phenacoccus manihoti pest attack intensity in each observation location in the three Regencieson Flores Island is mild to moderate, namely Crossref Bellotti, A.

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The research was conducted in October Method used in this research was descriptive method with direct observation and sampling. The variables observed included population abundance and crop damage intensity in all locations of cassava plantations. The average population of Phenacoccus manihoti in each regencyis Phenacoccus manihoti pest attack intensity in each observation location in the three Regencieson Flores Island is mild to moderate, namely Crossref Bellotti, A. Arthropod pests.

Hillocks, J. Belottl Eds. Crossref Bertschy, C. The role of mealybug-induced cassava plant volatiles in the attraction of the encyrtid parasitoids Aenasius vexans and Apoanagyrus diversicornis.

Journal of Insect Behavior, 14 3 , — Kabupaten Sikka Dalam Angka Cassava-Mealybug interactions. Cassava-Mealybug interactions 1st ed. Crossref Calatayud, P. Influence of linamarin and rutin on biological performances of Phenacoccus manihoti in artificial diets. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 96 1 , 1— Control of the cassava mealybug in Africa.

Biological control of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Homoptera: Pseudococcidae , in Zambia. Biological Control, 4 3 , — Crossref Gutierrez, A. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 1—5. Crossref Hennessey, R. Field biology of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti, and Its natural enemies in Zaire.

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 8 —6 , — Crossref Indiati, S. Le, T. Landscape context does not constrain biological control of Phenacoccus manihoti in intensified cassava systems of southern Vietnam. Biological Control, , — Crossref Muniappan, R. Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 26 4 , — Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology, 28, 1 , Crossref Mutisya, D. El, Kariuki, C. Cassava variety tolerance to spider mite attack in relation to leaf cyanide level.

Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 3 5 , 24— Retrieved from Link Neuenschwander, P. Biological control of the cassava mealybug in Africa: A review. Biological Control, 21 3 , — Crossref Neuenschwander, P.

Impact assessment of the biological control of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae , by the introduced parasitoid Epidinocarsis lopezi De Santis Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79 4 , — Crossref Parsa, S. Retrieved from Link Rauf, A. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 13 3 , — Crossref Sartiami, D. First record of cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae , in Malaysia.

Zootaxa, 2 , — Crossref Schulthess, F. Factors influencing the life table statistics of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 8 , Crossref Singh, A. King of charcoal: Japanese create new life for dying industry. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 2 11 , 1— Tertuliano, M.

Antixenotic and antibiotic components of resistance to the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti Homoptera: Pseudococcidae in various host-plants. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 14 5—6 , — Retrieved from Link Upadhyay, B. Caught off guard: folk knowledge proves deficient when addressing invasive pests in Asian cassava systems.

Environment, Development and Sustainability, 15 5 , Crossref Wardani, N. Retrieved from Link Wardani, N. HPT Tropika, 14 1 , 64— Retrieved from Link Wyckhuys, K. Biological control of an invasive pest eases pressures on global commodity markets. Environmental Research Letters, 13 9 , 1— Crossref Yonow, T. The potential distribution of cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti , a threat to food security for the poor.

Crossref Zeddies, J. Economics of biological control of cassava mealybug in Africa. Agricultural Economics, 24 2 , —

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Conceived and designed the experiments: SP. Analyzed the data: SP TK. Wrote the paper: SP TK. Received Jun 12; Accepted Sep This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

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Biological Pest Control Case Study – the cassava mealybug

The cassava plant is the habitat of the cassava mealybug and is damaged by the insect. The problem — The cassava mealybug- eating cassava plant- biological control of mealybug by using wasps. Stop Using Plagiarized Content. Get Essay The mealybug 5 shown on left hand side of text has damaged the cassava plants by sucking sap from roots, tender leaves; petioles and fruit form the plant. The severely infested leaves of the cassava plant will turn yellow 3 and gradually dry out a severe attack on the cassava plant can result in shredding of leaves.

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Curbing the spread of cassava pink mealybug in the Greater Mekong Subregion

The hitherto unknown insect was subsequently described and named in as Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero, , originating from the neotropics. In the neotropics, the insect was first discovered in Paraguay in by A. Bellotti of CIAT. Whilst exploration for the natural enemies of P. The taxonomic clarification greatly enhanced successful introductions and establishment of specific natural enemies of P. Description Top of page Eggs Eggs are oblong, golden yellow and enclosed in woolly ovisacs located at the posterior end of the adult females.

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Phenacoccus manihoti Distribution Widespread. Asia, Africa, South America. Hosts Cassava, and wild relative, Manihot glaziovii tree cassava , and some weeds. The eggs hatch and the nymphs or "crawlers" disperse to the top of the plant, settle, moult twice, before becoming adult Photo 4.

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