And with various observations from the field there are many questions that keep haunting me. They quite literally haunt me. As any 20 something year old is, I was naive to believe these problems had solutions and simple ones. They just needed people to come in and work on them. Its 6 years into this field and working, I feel that even my understanding of the problem is still incomplete.

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What has been happening to unemployment? What has been happening to inequality? Simply put, economic growth is not synonymous with economic development. Conceptualizing development as an all encompassing phenomenon, Seers defined it as the realization of the potential of human personality. In other words, development can and will only take place when an individual has realized his or her full potential.

Ultimately, this all round definition provides a better understanding of the concept and how issues surrounding it should be addressed by all stakeholders including researchers and academics, technocrats, politicians and world leaders. And this may have laid the foundation for the works of famous scholars like Amartya Sen and Mahbub ul Haq who are champions of human development theory. Although diverse but not entirely cross-cutting perhaps due to limited sample size , the responses were astounding!

Here, our analysis suggests that this response points to the fact that some individuals perceive financial independence as key to development — it is the ability to circumvent socio-economic hardship through any worthwhile entrepreneurship. So the ability to fend for oneself without being at the mercy of other people is fundamental to development. This second viewpoint is not radically different from the first. To those individuals, development is all about economic freedom.

And from the perspective of a female respondent, development connotes peace and security. That a conflict-free environment replete with mutual understanding and respect is construed by the rural woman as yardstick for measuring development is not surprising.

Regardless of whether or not that individual has the wherewithal for economic sustenance, she is satisfied as long as there is peace and quietness. This also suggests that economic exploits per se, may not necessarily make an individual to be truly fulfilled if peace and harmony are not within reach! This reminds me of a true life story recently recounted by a friend of mine about one seemingly wealthy husbandman who chose to live in a dilapidated hut in a pristine, remote village.

To that individual, closeness to Nature is largely the height of development. To this group of individuals, provision of social amenities within their vicinity is tantamount to development.

Transitioning from a primitive lifestyle to a modern one can only say one thing — development! Perhaps the people in question chose to give a seemingly too extreme response because of their despair and disillusionment, which is a conundrum yet unresolved.

Interrogating my research assistant who posed the question to them, I asked whether he further probed the enquiry. But unfortunately he did not. Perhaps a further probing of the subject would have unearthed useful information as to why the villagers chose to respond in the manner they did.

All that said, one can surmise that development is a complex subject, meaning different things to different people in time and space. This deduction can only suggest one thing: anyone willing to bring about improvement and progress in human wellbeing must be eclectic in how development problems are approached.

While community people yearn for social change, basics such as education, infrastructural development be they physical, social, and institutional , and socio-economic empowerment are fundamental to human development. It is in this light that I commend the government of Botswana in its effort to continue to train its talented young population as far as sending them abroad to receive quality education, which in turn is meant to appropriately capacitate Batswana population in the long run.

This lofty effort needs to be sustained by all means possible to the extent that structural unemployment problem becomes a thing of the past. While the rural boy child needs to be devoted utmost attention, the girl child must particularly be availed quality education and training, for they are naturally the fabrics of the society. The social welfare schemes meant for old people are commendable, too, as Botswana seems to be doing better than many notable African countries.

However, this effort could be better enhanced to reach all deserving individuals in very remote locations. In sum, to create and sustain a healthy polity and socio-economic equilibrium, policy issues addressing the needs of young individuals who are naturally not inclined to formal education would need re- energizing through some rigorous entrepreneurship trainings, which ultimately can trigger a ripple effect on employment promotion, wealth creation and economic freedom at all levels.

Once capacitated, the budding generation are naturally armed and able to become what they intend to be. And they in turn will bring about the brand of sustainable development for which the world currently yearns.

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Development: Meaning and Concept of Development

AIMS: By the end of this chapter, you will be able to i define development as opposed to economic growth, ii understand other measures of development. Traditional definition: In the past, development was about the capacity of a national economy to generate and sustain on annual increase in its gross national product GNP or gross domestic product GDP. The above are basically definitions of economic growth. We probably want a more wholistic definition of development. Dudley Seers suggested that development is when a country experiences a reduction or elimination of poverty, inequality and unemployment. Edgar Owens suggested that development is when there is development of people human development and not development of things.


‘The meaning of development’

He was the director of the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex from till Seers is famous for replacing the "growth fetishism" of the early post war period with a greater concern with social development. He stressed the relativistic nature of judgements about development and questioned the value of the neoclassical approach to economics. Assuming that the aim and yardstick of development is implied by this Seers goes on to identify a number of objectives for development for developing countries: That family incomes should be adequate to provide a subsistence package of food, shelter, clothing and footwear. That jobs should be available to all family heads, not only because this will ensure that distribution of income will generally achieve subsistence consumption levels but also because a job is something without which personality cannot develop.


Discussing – “The meaning of Development” by Dudley Seers

It has only concentrated highly on the National Income. Dudley Seers says that development is the realization of the potential of human personality through a reduction in poverty, unemployment and inequality. He argues that without these three aspects, even If national wealth Increases development has not taken place. Zambia live on en dollar a day, which in Zambia currency is KS Most poor people in Zambia are found in rural area because they have no way to accessing any income. Need essay sample on "Development according to Dudley Seers"?


Development according to Dudley Seers

What has been happening to unemployment? What has been happening to inequality? Simply put, economic growth is not synonymous with economic development. Conceptualizing development as an all encompassing phenomenon, Seers defined it as the realization of the potential of human personality.

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