Die vegetative Dystonie zeigt sich unterschiedlich. Eigentlich ist sie eine fehlgeleitete Spannung, die durch das vegetative Nervensystem Einfluss auf den Herzschlag, die Verdauung oder die Atmung nimmt. Viele Symptome treten oft gleichzeitig auf. Ein Ungleichgewicht zwischen dem Sympathikus und dem Parasympathikus kann eine vegetative Dystonie verursachen.
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General culture History biology Other phrases Literature Neurovegetative Dystonia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment The Neurovegetative dystonia , Also called autonomic dysfunction or dysautonomia, is a very general term used to describe an alteration in the functioning of the autonomic nervous system or neurovegetative nervous system.
It seems that this disease comes from"neurasthenia"a term used in the nineteenth century. People who suffered from it had unexplained symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, dizziness, and fainting. Image Source: healthtap. However, today we have been able to group the different diagnoses that affect the autonomic nervous system Under the concept of dysautonomia. The autonomic nervous system is composed of different elements that form a complex network of neural connections.
This system is in charge of regulating the involuntary functions of the body, encompassing systems such as ophthalmologic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, thermoregulation and genitourinary systems. Hence, this system participates in certain functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, movements of the digestive and muscular system, sweating, etc. This condition has manifold manifestations that have made throughout the history has received numerous denominations, diagnoses and approaches.
It has even been said that it is not an accurate diagnosis, but is a term used when the patient presents a pathology in their reactions to stimuli and can not be classified into a specific diagnosis. The symptoms can be very varied due to the multiple functions that can be affected by this disorder. Generally presented Headaches , Syncope, chronic fatigue, Fibromyalgia , Digestive disorders, etc. Neurovegetative dystonia is not uncommon and it is estimated that more than 70 million people in the world may have some form of this disorder.
It can affect people of any age, gender or race. Their diagnosis and treatment are very complex. This is because fractional diagnoses are usually done. This fact leads to a partial approach that, in many cases, is not effective. Causes The causes of this condition are not very clear.
The neurovegetative dystonia can have multiple causes, reason why a single or universal cause has not been defined. It is generally understood that some people inherit some propensity to develop neurovegetative dystonia. It is also related to certain viruses, or to exposure to chemicals. For example, as in the Gulf War syndrome , In which certain symptoms similar to dysautonomia appeared.
The neurovegetative dystonia can also be the result of head and chest trauma, which can affect the autonomic nervous system. Some of them are: - Headache Migraines - Syncope. That is, a sudden loss of knowledge that can also cause paralysis of the heart and breathing. This can be caused by lack of blood supply to the brain. Or irritable bowel syndrome or nervous colitis , Which is an inflammation of the large intestine and rectum. Diarrhea or diarrhea may also occur.
OR Vaginal pain Having sex. Women may experience vaginal dryness or difficulty having an orgasm. Types of neurovegetative dystonia There are different types of neurovegetative dystonia that depend on the underlying causes and the severity of the condition.
Some of them are fainting, heart rate problems such as arrhythmias , stiffness in muscles, etc. It is a chronic condition that usually affects people over 40 years and that causes a life expectancy of 5 to 10 years.
People who experience it experience increased heart rate or tachycardia when they change their posture. The possible causes of this syndrome are diabetes , the multiple sclerosis , he lupus , the Mitochondrial diseases , etc.
It is characterized by a decrease in blood flow to the brain, causing fainting. Some cases are very mild and patients rarely have symptoms. Symptoms vary by type, but usually there are sensitive symptoms such as tingling, numbness, weakness and pain in feet and hands.
Its cause appears to be a viral or bacterial infection that damages the responsible neurons ciliary ganglion neurons. Treatment There is usually no cure for neurovegetative dystonia. The diagnosis of this condition is done in a fragmented way, which makes it difficult to treat. Sometimes several symptoms can help you to classify one of its subtypes, performing a comprehensive approach.
However, most treatments are performed on the symptoms and are palliative. For example, when problems with orthostatic hypotension occur, changes in lifestyle are suggested.
Like drinking plenty of fluids, wear socks to prevent blood from accumulating in your legs, as well as treatment with drugs such as midodrine. This may help slow the progression of dysautonomia. Damage to the autonomic nervous system is generally irreversible. Some diseases can be treated and have a good recovery, such as Guillain Barre syndrome. Early diagnosis and treatment of underlying diseases is critical to slow the progression of the disease to the maximum and minimize symptoms.
The person affected by neurovegetative dystonia can have depression and other emotional disorders, so psychological counseling is advised. Likewise, it is advisable to go to support groups to share knowledge and experiences about the disease in their day to day. Support from family and friends is also essential. Forecast The prognosis depends on the type of dysautonomia you have.
When the condition is chronic and generalized there is a poor prognosis, as it presents a progressive deterioration of the autonomic nervous system. This can lead to death from the appearance of complications such as acute respiratory failure, sudden cardiorespiratory arrest or pneumonia.
References Baguley, I. A critical review of the pathophysiology of dysautonomia following traumatic brain injury. Neurocritical Care, 8 2 , Bravo, J. Dysautonomia: a poorly understood medical problem. Hospital Bulletin San Juan de Dios, 51, Case-Lo, C. May 13, Autonomic Dysfunction. Retrieved from Healthline: healthline.
June 18, A family of misunderstood disorders. Obtained from Verywell: verywell. Mexico, D. Koval, P. Peltonen, T. Why close our eyes to neurovegetative dystonia?. Clinical pediatrics, 10 6 , What is dysautonomia? Retrieved on March 31, , from Dysautonomia International: dysautonomiainternational.
Nervosité, anxiété, insomnie… peut-être une dystonie neurovégétative
Le forme neurovegetative si distinguono per il fatto che i movimenti distonici parossistici risultano meno frequenti rispetto alle altre forme di distonia, ma tra i sintomi si ricordano anche forte emicrania ed improvvisi attacchi epilettici. A tal proposito, le distonie parossistiche erano inizialmente considerate disturbi psicogeni o, ancora, forme epilettiche del sistema extrapiramidale. Gli scienziati si accingono a ricercare il gene implicato nella manifestazione delle distonie neurovegetative, al fine di trovare una valida terapia risolutiva. A loro volta, ognuna delle suddette categorie viene ulteriormente catalogata nelle forme genetiche-familiari e sporadiche. Distonia parossistica ipnogena: forma epilettica dei lobi frontali. Rara e assai improbabile la manifestazione della suddetta distonia neurovegetativa dopo i 30 anni; gli attacchi distonici interessano soprattutto gambe, braccia, tronco e volto, talvolta associati anche a deviazioni oculari.
Distonia neurovegetativa (parossistica)
General culture History biology Other phrases Literature Neurovegetative Dystonia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment The Neurovegetative dystonia , Also called autonomic dysfunction or dysautonomia, is a very general term used to describe an alteration in the functioning of the autonomic nervous system or neurovegetative nervous system. It seems that this disease comes from"neurasthenia"a term used in the nineteenth century. People who suffered from it had unexplained symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, dizziness, and fainting. Image Source: healthtap. However, today we have been able to group the different diagnoses that affect the autonomic nervous system Under the concept of dysautonomia. The autonomic nervous system is composed of different elements that form a complex network of neural connections. This system is in charge of regulating the involuntary functions of the body, encompassing systems such as ophthalmologic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, thermoregulation and genitourinary systems.