Ginastera, Alberto - Variaciones concertantes, Op. Later creations display a dynamic cosmopolitan style that won him a strong global reputation. In the late s, a Guggenheim award allowed him to spend time in the United States, where he benefited from the guidance of Aaron Copland and other prominent musicians. Returning to South America, he assumed several prominent educational and cultural positions and continued to compose prolifically.
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Composed: Length: c. One characteristic musical symbol of this is harmony derived from the open strings of the guitar, as heard in the harp under the solo cello statement of the theme at the beginning, and again before the final variation. These pitches — E, A, D, G, B — also supply variation material and represent the main key areas of the whole set. Two interludes the first for strings, the second for winds then frame seven character variations featuring different solo instruments with the orchestra.
The first is a spunky scamper for the flute Variazione giocosa , which leads directly into an edgier romp featuring clarinet Variazione in modo di Scherzo.
The haunting elegy for the viola Variazione drammatica is much the longest of the group. Its modal chords seem to spill over into the next variation, a dusky duet for oboe and bassoon Variazione canonica. The brief, brilliant variation for trumpet and trombone Variazione ritmica is basically a splashy fanfare for the ensuing violin whirlwind Variazione in modo di Moto perpetuo. To close this central group of variations, the horn offers a lyrically poised take on the original theme Variazione pastorale.
Ginastera rounds this off with a reprise of the main theme, again accompanied by the harp but this time with double bass taking up the tune.
A final variation, for the full ensemble, ensues Variazione in modo di Rondo. This is a high-voltage malambo, the competitive gaucho dance that was another prime symbol for Ginastera. The steady repeated notes represent tapping feet, with virtuosic and jazzy flourishes coming from all instrumental points.
Ginastera, Alberto - Variaciones concertantes
Igor Markevitch conducted the first performance on June 2 of that year, in Buenos Aires. It is scored for two flutes, piccolo, oboe, two clarinets, bassoon; two horns, trumpet, trombone; timpani; harp; and string choir. Variaciones concertantes germinated for five years before Ginastera formally composed it during the second of four creative periods in his life. Variaciones concertantes and Pampeana No. Ginastera said that Variaciones has "a subjective character.
Variaciones concertantes, for chamber orchestra, Op. 23