The confusion about his year of birth is that initially researchers found his death announcement where it was said that he died at the age of 29 in However, if the news published in Calcutta Courier, found at a later date, is taken into account, his date of birth would be somewhere near 23 February Kaliprasanna was born into the renowned "Singha" family of Jorasanko in North Kolkata. Nandlal died when Kaliprasanna was only six years old.
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Kaliprasanna Singha Kaliprasanna Singha 23 February - 24 July was a Bengali authors, playwright, and philanthropist. His most famous work was the translation of the ancient Hindu epic Mahabharata into Bengali. He is also remembered as a philanthropist who helped several people and movements in distress. The confusion about his year of birth is that initially researchers found his death announcement where it was said that he died at the age of 29 in However, if the news published in Calcutta Courier, found at a later date, is taken into account, his date of birth would be somewhere near 23 February Kaliprasanna was born in the renowned "Singha" family of Jorasanko in North Kolkata.
His father was Nandalal Singha. His grandfather Jay Krishna was one of the directors of Hindu College. In his short span of life , Kaliprasanna was a man of unbelievable versatile qualities. It is said that he had a power to recollect anything that he would see or hear even once, and that also from a very early age.
The foundation of the Vidyotsahini sabha by him at the age of only 14 bears a testimony to the abilities of this child prodigy. Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar was astonished to see how this young boy could mingle with so many elderly associates and lead them towards recreational pursuits such as organisation of the theatres.
Hutom Pyachar Noksa is his immortal creation in which portrayed the picture of the 19th-century babudom in Kolkata. Sunil Gangopadhyay, in his epoch making novel Sei Somoy Those Days , recreated the same period with Kaliprasanna as the symbolic character, his name in the novel being Nabinkumar. Kaliprasanna married the daughter of Loknath Basu of Bagbazar in , but she died in a few years.
Kaliprasanna was admitted to Hindu College, currently known as Presidency College. In he left college. He continued his education in English, Bengali and Sanskrit at home. He enhanced his English knowledge under the guidance of a European teacher Mr. He had contribution in different fields as an author, editor, a publisher, a philanthropist, a social worker, and a great patron of art, literature and culture. Other than his contribution to literature, Kaliprasanna had immense contribution to Bengali theatre too.
He established the Vidyotsahini Sabha a platform for those interested in education at the age of It was established most probably in The members of this group performed "Shakuntala" in Young Kaliprasanna played the role of Bhanumati, a female character.
Later in only, Kaliprasanna himself wrote the play "Vikramorvashi" based on the Sanskrit composition of Kalidas. Kaliprasanna played the role of Pururava while eminent personalities like Womesh Chandra Bonerjee also participated in the play.
The drama was highly eulogised including the performance of Kaliprasanna as actor. Kaliprasanna awarded Michael Madhusudan with a certificate and a silver peg. He is known for his fierce pride as an Ahom monarch. Jayadhawaj Singha left no sons, so the Ahom nobles called in the Saring Raja and placed him on the throne.
He was a cousin of the Jayadhwaj Singha, and a grandson of Suleng Deoraja, a previous Saring raja and the second son of Suhungmung Gogoi The new monarch was named Supangmung by the Deodhais. He assumed the Hindu name Chakradhawaj Singha. At the installation ceremony, the Jaintia Raja sent an envoy to convey his congratulation.
So also did the Koch Raja of Darrang, who had sided with Mir Jumla during his invasion, and with whom friendly relations were thus restored. King Chakradhawaj Singha could not stand this grave humiliation. He shouted out from his throne-"Death is preferable to a life of subordination to foreigners.
I have to surrender my independence for a suit of sewn garments! In March the king summoned an assembly of his ministers and nobles and ordered them to devise and adopt measures for expelling Mughals from Western Assam, adding-"My ancestors were never subordinate to any other people; and I for myself cannot remain under the vassalage of any foreign power.
I am a descendant of the Heavenly King and how can I pay tribute to the wretched foreigners. On receiving this letter, Chakradhavaj Singha made up his mind to fight the Mughals.
From the capital he maintained an efficient civil administration in the country which was necessary to guarantee the regular reinforcements of men and materials to the Army in the frontline. The long war has taken both physical and mental toll of the King and in April Swargadeo Chakradhwaj Singha died, just one year before the Battle of Saraighat. The King did not get the satisfaction of seeing the final defeat of the imperialist Mughal Army at Saraighat, which sealed the fate of all the Mughal plans of expansion of their kingdom to the East.
Chakradhwaj Singha gave the desired momentum which paved the way for the ultimate victory of the Assamese.
Mahabharat ( 1886) Kaliprasanna Singha
Mahabharat (All Part 01-18) By Kaliprasanna Singha