When Benny published his Brass Urtext critical edition of the two volumes of Koppprasch Etudes, adopted for tenor trombone in now out of print, but soon to be available from Warwick Music , I was surprised to learn of the Opus 5 Etudes which were previously unknown to me. Originally for high horn Cor Alto - premier horn , they are very different than the better known Opus 6 Etudes which were written for low horn Cor Basse - second cor. Originally published in two volumes, each with 30 etudes, the 60 Etudes, Opus 5 were an important addition to my trombone music library. I contacted Benny to ask him if he would be willing to prepare another edition of the Kopprasch Etudes, Opus 5 for bass trombone. Not only did he agree, but he has offered to offer them at no cost to players who would like to use these fine Etudes. Benny and I both feel that the Kopprasch Etudes are a very important part of the "daily diet" of technical exercises every trombonist should use each day.

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The system used above is standard in the orchestra music field. The first set of numbers before the dash represent the Woodwinds. The set of numbers after the dash represent the Brass.

Percussion is abbreviated following the brass. Strings are represented with a series of five digits representing the quantity of each part first violin, second violin, viola, cello, bass. Instruments shown in parenthesis are optional and may be omitted. Example 1 - Beethoven: [2,2,2,,2,0,0, tymp, ] The Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare. In this case, the winds are all doubled 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets and 2 bassoons , and there are two each horns and trumpets.

There is no low brass. There is tympani. Strings are a standard configuration 4 first violin, 4 second violin, 3 viola, 2 cello, 2 bass. Sometimes strings are simply listed as "str," which means strings.

Note the inclusion of the saxes after bassoon for this band work. Note also that the separate euphonium part is attached to trombone with a plus sign. For orchestral music, saxes are at the end see Saxophones below. Multiples, if any, are not shown in this system. The numbers represent only distinct parts, not the number of copies of a part.

Example 3 - MacKenzie: a fictional work, by the way. Note: This system lists Horn before Trumpet. This is standard orchestral nomenclature. Also, it should be noted that Euphonium can be doubled by either Trombone or Tuba.

Typically, orchestra scores have the tuba linked to euphonium, but it does happen where Trombone is the principal instead. Saxophones, when included in orchestral music they rarely are will be shown in the "other instrument" location after strings and before the soloist, if any.

Letters that are duplicated as in A in this example indicate multiple parts.


Kopprasch 60 Etudes for Tuba Op. 6



Kopprasch, Georg (Doughty) Etudes (60), op 5 for Euphonium or High Tuba


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