A giant wooden horse has been left behind, which the Trojans take to be an offering to the goddess Athena. Priam orders one of the city gates to be demolished so that the horse can be brought into the city. The giant horse is borne triumphantly into Troy. Act II — Scene 1 Aeneas is asleep. The Ghost of Hector, the slain Trojan Hero, appears to him and warns him of the great fire that is about to rage through Troy. Aeneas must save the treasures of Troy and take all those who survive away with him; in Italy he will found a new Empire that will later come to rule the entire world.
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After decades of neglect, today the opera is considered by some music critics as one of the finest ever written. Composition history Berlioz began the libretto on 5 May and completed it toward the end of June He finished the full score on 12 April Early performance history Premiere of the second part In his memoirs, Berlioz described in excruciating detail the intense frustrations he experienced in seeing the work performed.
It consisted of Acts 3 to 5, redivided by Berlioz into five acts, to which he added an orchestral introduction Lamento and a prologue.
He had just obtained an annual subsidy of a hundred thousand francs from the government. Nonetheless the enterprise was beyond him. His theater was not large enough, his singers were not good enough, his chorus and orchestra were small and weak. Since the set change for this scene took nearly an hour, it was cut, despite the fact its staging had been greatly simplified with a painted waterfall, rather than one with real water. Carvalho had originally planned to divert water from the nearby Seine , but during the rehearsals, a faulty switch nearly caused a disaster.
The sentries duet [no. For example, Meyerbeer attended 12 performances. This production was frequently revived over the succeeding eleven years and was sometimes given on a single day. The conductor, Felix Mottl , took his production to Mannheim in and conducted another production in Munich in , which was revived in He rearranged some of the music for the Munich production, placing the "Royal Hunt and Storm" after the love duet, a change that "was to prove sadly influential.
In this published score, he introduced a number of optional cuts which have often been adopted in subsequent productions. In the early 20th century, the lack of accurate parts led musicologists W.
Gaubert conducted all performances in Paris before the Second World War. An aircheck of this performance has been issued on CD.
Christa Ludwig had been cast as Didon but was ill at the time of the premiere; she sang the role in the ten subsequent performances. It was a partial success, because the new theatre could not be quite ready on opening night, which caused much trouble during rehearsals. The performance had several cuts, authorised by Berlioz, including some dances in the third act.
Critical evaluation Only knowing the work from a piano score, the British critic W. Turner declared that Les Troyens was "the greatest opera ever written" in his book on Berlioz, much preferring it to the vastly more popular works of Richard Wagner. American critic B. David Cairns described the work as "an opera of visionary beauty and splendor, compelling in its epic sweep, fascinating in the variety of its musical invention In our own time the opera has finally come to be seen as one of the greatest operas of the 19th century.
There are several recordings of the work, and it is performed with increasing frequency.
Dorr They learn that the Trojans have already sailed. Carthage en est remplie. Anna replies oibretto there is no stronger god than love. Il porte un brillant costume et la cuirasse, mais sans casque ni bouclier. Since the set change for this scene took nearly an hour, it was cut, despite the fact its staging had been greatly simplified with a painted waterfall, rather than one with real water. Beyond the Standard Repertoire.
Libretto: Les Troyens
Eerste bedrijf[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Het tienjarige beleg van Troje door de Grieken is voorbij. De Trojanen vieren hun herwonnen vrijheid, maar buiten de stad vinden ze een groot houten paard. Is het een offer aan de Griekse godin Pallas Athene? Cassandre, die de gave bezit in de toekomst te kunnen blikken, maar op wie de vloek rust nooit geloofd te worden, is er niet gerust op dat de Grieken zo plotseling vertrokken zijn.
Les Troyens Explained